 HIGHER DECODER FROM LOWER DECODERS

Q- Obtain a 4 to 16 decoder using (a) 2 to 4 decoder (b) 3 to 8 decoder

Ans: (a) we take abcd2 as the input to the decoder. Following is the diagram to design 4 to 16 decoder using 2 to 4 decoders When we have a=0 b=0 then top most decoder is enabled and 1 is placed on the output line out of 0 to 3 based on the value of cd2

When we have a=0 b=1 then 2nd decoder from top is enabled and 1 is placed on the output line out of 4 to 7 based on the value of cd2

When we have a=1 b=0 then 3rd decoder is enabled and 1 is placed on the output line out of 8 to 11 based on the value of cd2

When we have a=1 b=1 then bottom most decoder is enabled and 1 is placed on the output line out of 12 to 15 based on the value of cd2

Hence top 4 outputs generate min terms 0000 to 0011, next 4 generates min terms 0100 to 0111, next generates 1000 to 1011 and the last 4 outputs generate min terms 1100 to 1111.

(b) Similarly we can obtain the circuit to obtain 4 to 16 decoder using 3 to 8 decoders Here first 8 outputs generate min terms 0000 to 0111 while next 8 generate 1000 to 1111. 